Controlled Wood

Enabling manufacturers & traders to avoid timber from unacceptable sources.

Controlled WoodWhat is Controlled Wood?


Controlled Wood is virgin wood or wood fibre that can be mixed with FSC certified material in the manufacture of FSC Mix products.


FSC Mix Label make upHow can Controlled Wood contribute to a FSC MIX label?


Products that carry the FSC Mix label can comprise a minimum of 70% FSC certified and/or recycled material, and at most 30% controlled wood.


The 5 Controlled Wood categories of unacceptable material

To qualify as controlled wood, material must be verified as avoiding FSC’s five categories of unacceptable sources:


1. Illegally harvested wood;

2. Wood harvested in violation of traditional and civil rights;

3. Wood harvested in forests in which high conservation values are threatened by management activities;

4. Wood harvested in forests being converted from natural and semi natural forest to plantations or non- forest use;

5. Wood from forests in which genetically modified tress are planted.


FSC labelled products – Thanks to FSC-Mix products, FSC can reach more consumers and is more visible on the market.Why do we need Controlled Wood?

Thanks to FSC-Mix products, FSC can reach more consumers and is more visible on the market.

While FSC is the fastest growing forest certification system in the world, manufacturers can still find themselves in the position of having to manage low or fluctuating supplies of FSC certified material.

Since many products are made using fibre from different sources, and many forests still do not meet FSC standards, Controlled Wood allows manufacturers to source the balance of materials they need, under controlled conditions, to manufacture FSC-Mix label products without compromising the mission and values of FSC.

Controlled Wood is also considered a first step towards achieving full Forest Management certification.


How is Controlled Material Verified?

FSC Controlled Wood Standard for Forest Management Enterprises (FSC-STD-30-010 V2-1)

Implemented by Forest Management Enterprises

This Standard specifies basic requirements applicable at the forest management unit level for forest management enterprises to demonstrate to a company or third party certification body that the wood supplied is controlled. It allows forest management enterprise to provide evidence that the wood they supply has been controlled to avoid wood from unacceptable sources.


Requirements for Sourcing FSC Controlled Wood (FSC-STD-40-005 V3-0)*

Implemented by companies that want to source Controlled Wood.

This Standard has been designed to allow companies to avoid wood from unacceptable sources through a risk assessment and due diligence process. A risk assessment must be undertaken on both the origin of material and mixing with ineligible material in the supply chain. The Standard is only applicable for organisations purchasing or selling material that does not already carry an FSC Controlled Wood claim.

*Important Note:
• Requirements for Sourcing FSC Controlled Wood (FSC-STD-40-005 V3-0) came into effect on 1 July 2016 and will supersede the previous version FSC Standard for Company Evaluation of FSC Controlled Wood (FSC-STD-40-005 V2-1) which was revised in response to Policy Motion 51: Strengthening the Controlled Wood System (download below).
• Controlled Wood Chain of Custody certificate holders have one year (30 June 2017) to transition to the revised Standard. For more information, including the implications of this revision in the Australian context, see ‘Revision to the Controlled Wood System in the Australian Context’.


Risk Assessment for the origin of material

In 2009, FSC Australia developed a Controlled Wood National Risk Assessment (FSC-CWRA-001- AUS) for use by companies and certification bodies seeking to identify the risk of obtaining material from unacceptable sources in accordance with the FSC Standard for Company Evaluation of FSC Controlled Wood (FSC-STD-40-005 V2-1). Organisations sourcing controlled wood in Australia are required to use the National Risk Assessment in accordance with this Standard.

The use of the FSC approved High Conservation Values Evaluation Framework is mandatory when assessing risk against Controlled Wood Category 3 (High Conservation Values) in Australia in accordance with the FSC Standard for Company Evaluation of FSC Controlled Wood (FSC-STD-40-005 V2-1).

*Important Update: The FSC Standard for Company Evaluation of FSC Controlled Wood (FSC-STD-40-005 V2-1) has recently been revised. For more information on this and the status of FSC Australia’s National Risk Assessment, see ‘Revision to the Controlled Wood System in the Australian Context’.


© Forest Stewardship Council® · FSC® F000201